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Understanding the Fitzpatrick Scale

Updated: Dec 12, 2021


  1. Fitzpatrick TB. Soleil et peau [Sun and skin]. J Méd Esthétique. 1975;2:33–4.

  2. D'Orazio, John; Jarrett, Stuart; Amaro-Ortiz, Alexandra; Scott, Timothy (7 June 2013). "UV Radiation and the Skin". International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 14 (6): 12222–48. doi:10.3390/ijms140612222. PMC 3709783. PMID 23749111.

  3. Goon, P, Banfield, C, Bello, O, Levell, NJ. Skin cancers in skin types IV–VI: does the Fitzpatrick scale give a false sense of security?Skin Health Dis. 2021; 1( 3):e40.

  4. Hughes MC, Williams GC, Baker P, Green AC; “Sunscreen and Prevention of Skin Aging, a Randomized Trial”. Annals of Internal Medicine. 2013; 158(11):781-790.

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